October 01, 2021 6 min read
The Sissy Squat is a compound exercise that primarily isolates and targets your quadriceps whilst also working, to a lesser degree, your other posterior chain muscles and your core. The movement requires a lot of mobility and body control.
Despite its rather unusual name, it’s a challenging exercise but when executed properly can offer many benefits and excellent carry over to other forms of strength training.
Thanks to the almost complete isolation of the quads you will build both muscle and strength.
If you happen to have well developed glutes and hamstrings and want to concentrate on your quads, then sissy squats are the way to go as they eliminate any recruitment of posterior chain muscles.
Strong quads can improve the stability of your kneecaps and protect your knee joints from injury, this makes it an excellent alternative to using a leg extension machine.
By focusing on your quad strength you will also see improvements when undertaking explosive movements such as box jumping and to your overall athletic ability, making it a great movement to incorporate into your training routine.
The exercise will also improve your core strength and this is vital for improved posture helping with any back issues. A strong core is also good for balance and stability of your whole body and to minimise any strain on your muscles and joints.
The traditional sissy squat movement can be undertaken either freestanding or with a Sissy Squat bench.
Your quads are being worked hardest when you are at the bottom of the movement and with plenty of practice you’ll be able to work to a 90 degree angle.
When you find that the movement is becoming easier and you’d like to progress simply hold on to a weight plate or a dumbbell during this workout. This can be done with either the freestanding movement or when using the sissy squat machine.
Many people are discouraged from doing the movement freestanding as it can be tricky to pull off and to do so safely and effectively. This is where use of the Sissy Squat Machine comes in.
It offers stability throughout the exercise ensuring it’s done properly. This is thanks to the rollers and rear leg pad, they allow you to do the sissy squat movement whilst essentially holding you in place. This will also give you more confidence as you’re less likely to lose form.
The sissy squat machine will also help with time under tension strength training allowing for even more muscle growth. Time under tension workouts are great for breaking through strength plateaus and burning fat.
If you have a history of knee problems, jumping into sissy squats can cause you some issues if you’re not careful. By putting additional stress on the knees you could exacerbate those problems, especially if you are new to this movement.
That being said, if you want to focus on obtaining that teardrop look, sissy squats are absolutely one of the best ways of doing this and when done properly can actually benefit knee health.
The movement is isolated to a single joint (that being the knee), considering the leverages involved, it should not put any more stress on your knees than a traditional back squat.
However, you need to ensure you check with medical professionals if you have a history of knee problems or are unsure before undertaking this exercise.
Regular squats are a sure-fire way of increasing muscle mass and strength to your posterior chain, for those that want to focus on building hamstring and glutes, regular squats are perfect.
However, sissy squats are much better for building up your anterior thigh muscles (your quads) so by incorporating both exercises into your workout you can be confident that you will build equal strength and symmetry.
By focusing on one exercise over the other could lead to injury to muscles that are not regularly trained, so it’s important to make sure all muscles are equally worked on.
Whilst getting used to this exercise can certainly be tricky at first, with consistent practice your core and quad strength will improve dramatically allowing you to ramp up the difficulty level.
The sissy squat bench certainly opens up this exercise to a wider range of users so even if you want to utilise the machine to begin with, as your core strength, and thus stability, improves you can move over to freestanding squats.
Listed below are some examples of sissy squat alternatives.
Heel elevated squats; by using a form of support such as a Squat Ramp you can elevate your heels and perform a regular back squat either with or without weight. Whilst it won’t offer as much isolation as a regular sissy squat it will place more emphasis on your quads than if your feet were to remain flat on the floor.
TRX Sissy Squat; simply undertake the movement as you would a freestanding sissy squat but make use of TRX bands. These will encourage good form if you’d like to eventually do them without the bands. They keep your quads isolated and improve range of motion to the knees.
Bulgarian split squat; this is single leg squat movement that requires you to stand approximately 2 feet away from an elevated platform, a flat bench for example, which will be behind you. Place one foot up on the bench and perform a lunge movement. If you keep your foot, which is on the floor, closer to the bench you will target more of your quads.
The above are great options if you wanted to avoid doing Sissy Squats.
Sissy squats do not effectively target your glutes. If you want to work your gluteus maximus you will see benefits from movements such as regular barbell squats, Nordic curls and hip thrusts. Any of these exercises will isolate your glutes far more efficiently.
You will get a better stretch on calves when undertaking freeweight sissy squats.
However, you will not get the full range of movement that you can with a sissy squat machine so there is a trade-off between using the machine when compared to freestanding sissy squats.
To effectively isolate your calf muscles the best exercises are those such as standing or seated calf raises, this can be done with or without a machine or even something more simple such as incline walking.
The Sissy squat name can sometimes be referred to as a roman chair squat which is somewhat confusing as a roman chair bench is a 45 Degree Hyperextension Bench, which is primarily used to strengthen your lower back muscles and work your hamstrings.
The name Sissy Squat is said to have originated from Greek mythology and that of King Sisyphus. However this, as suggested, is a myth.
It’s original name was the ‘Monty Woolford Squat’. Monty Woolford was a competitive ‘Silver Era’ bodybuilder back in the 50’s and 60’s and was the inventor of the Sissy Squat exercise.
The name Sissy Squat actually originated from Monty stating that the movement would make a sissy out of the lifers that only performed the back squat.
After that, the name Sissy Squat stuck and has since gone on to become one of his most famous exercises.
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Training glutes has become much more popular in the last few years, especially amongst females. There are a number of reasons for this.
Firstly, having well developed glutes helps to create an hourglass body shape which is currently favoured by certain celebrities.
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