Table of Contents
If you’re suffering from iliotibial band syndrome and looking for ways to relieve tight muscles and connective tissue, then regular foam rolling can be a great way to help.
Using just a foam roller you can break up knots and adhesions to muscles surrounding your IT band, helping to reduce discomfort, improve blood flow and mobility.
Recommended Reading – 5 Best Foam Roller Exercises For Lower Back Pain Relief
In this article we’ll look at some of the best foam roller exercises for it band discomfort.
Understanding IT Band Syndrome
If you’re a runner, cyclist, or athlete, you may have heard of IT Band Syndrome.
It’s a common injury that affects the iliotibial band, a thick band of connective tissue that runs down the outside of your leg, from your hip to your knee and shinbone.
IT Band Syndrome (ITBS) occurs when the iliotibial band becomes irritated and inflamed as it rubs against the bony prominence on the outside of the knee joint, called the lateral epicondyle.
This friction usually occurs during repetitive activities that involve bending and straightening the knee, such as running, cycling, hiking, or excessive stair climbing.
Several factors can contribute to the development of ITBS, including poor biomechanics, muscle imbalances, overtraining, poor footwear, running on improper surfaces, and sudden increases in training intensity or volume.
Treatment options involves a combination of rest, ice, and anti-inflammatory medication to reduce pain and inflammation.
Foam rolling can be effective ways to alleviate a tight iliotibial band by releasing tension to the surrounding muscles.
What Does Iliotibial Band Syndrome Pain Feel Like?
Symptoms of IT Band Syndrome often include the following:
- Pain to the outside of your knee, which becomes more noticeable when doing something like walking downstairs.
- A feeling of tightness or discomfort along your outer thigh.
- Swelling or inflammation to the lateral part of your knee.
- Pain that may radiate up your thigh and towards your hip.
If you have any of the above symptoms, it’s advisable to seek a proper diagnosis from a medical professional such as a physical therapist.
Anatomy Involved In IT Band Exercises
Before performing IT band exercises, it’s a good idea to understand the anatomy involved.
The IT band has no active control over how tight it feels, but it can be affected by the muscles and joints surrounding it.
This is because imbalances or issues in one area can potentially affect the other.
The vastus lateralis is a muscle located on the lateral quad, or outside of the thigh, and is involved in extending your knee.
When performing IT band exercises, it’s important to engage the vastus lateralis to help stabilize the knee joint and prevent injury.
The gluteal muscles, specifically the gluteus maximus and gluteus medius, play a significant role in hip stability, movement, and overall lower limb mechanics.
When these muscles become tight or imbalanced, they can contribute to issues with the IT band.
The hip muscles include the tensor fascia latae (the TFL) and when this muscle becomes tight, it can pull on the IT band, creating excessive tension.
This increased tension can lead to friction between the IT band and the lateral femoral condyle, potentially causing irritation and inflammation.
Benefits Of Foam Rolling
Foam rolling is a type of self-myofascial release where you use your body weight to apply a specific amount of pressure to soft tissue.
It can be done on both upper and lower body muscles and, when done correctly, offers several benefits including the following:
Increased Blood Flow
Foam rolling can increase blood flow to the targeted area, which can help improve the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the muscles and reduce muscle adhesion.
Improved Range Of Motion
Foam rolling can help improve your range of motion by breaking up knots and adhesions helping to improve flexibility.
Reduced Muscle Soreness
Foam rolling can help reduce muscle soreness and stiffness by increasing blood flow and reducing muscle tension.
Better Muscle Recovery
As blood flow improves during foam rolling this can aid in the repair and recovery process, especially after intense workouts.
In turn, this can offer some advantages to increased muscle strength.
Foam Roller Exercises For IT Band Relief
When foam rolling to relieve tension to your IT band, it’s important to avoid rolling directly over the knee or hip joint.
Instead, focus on the muscles surrounding the IT band, including your tensor fascia latae, your glutes, hip flexors, and quadriceps.
Apply a moderate amount of pressure and roll slowly up and down the targeted area, pausing on any tight spots for 30-60 seconds.
If you’re new to foam rolling, you may find it uncomfortable to begin with.
However, if it’s particularly painful, discontinue foam rolling and seek advice from a personal trainer or physical therapist.
Here are some specific foam roller exercises you can do to improve the function of your it band.
TFL Foam Roll
If you have tight hip flexors from sitting all day, then often this causes tension to the tensor fascia latae.
As this small muscle is attached to your IT band, this has a direct impact on the function of it.
The TFL roll will help to loosen up the tensor fasciae latae and minimize it band tightness.
How To Foam Roll Your Tensor Fascia Latae:
- With the foam roll on the ground, lie down on your side so that the roller is positioned just under your hip.
- Rest on your elbow for support with both legs outstretched.
- Take your top leg and bend the knee so you can rest your foot on the floor just in front of you.
- Rotate your upper body forwards slightly to ensure you roll the muscle and not the joint.
- Slowly roll up and down a couple of inches in either direction.
- Continue rolling for about 60 seconds before switching to the other side.
Glute Foam Roll
Your gluteus maximus is the largest of the glute muscles and wraps around your behind connecting to the outside of your IT band.
Usually, a weakness to your glutes can cause pain and tension to your IT band.
So, it may also be a good idea to incorporate some glute strengthening exercises as well as foam rolling.
How To Foam Roll Your Glutes:
- Begin by sitting on the foam roller with your hands behind you and on the floor for support.
- Cross your left ankle across the knee of your right leg.
- Ensure your bodyweight is applied to your right side with your right foot resting on the floor.
- Slowly roll up and down moving just a few inches in either direction.
- Continue doing this for around 30 to 60 seconds and then switch to work the other side.
Your quads are made up of four different muscles and it’s the vastus lateralis that connects to your IT band and runs down the outside of your thigh.
By performing a quad foam roll, you can release tension to this large muscle which may help to reduce the tightness to your IT band.
The exercise is very similar to the TFL roll but the roller is positioned further down your leg to target the vastus lateralis muscle.
It’s important to avoid your hip and knee joints when foam rolling your outer quad muscles.
How To Foam Roll Your Vastus Lateralis:
- Start by lying on the ground on your side with the foam roller under the top of your leg.
- Place both hands on the floor for support.
- Take your top leg and cross it over you so you can place your foot flat on the ground and in front of you.
- Rotate forwards a little and then roll up and down the length of the it band.
- Keep going with this motion for 60 seconds and then repeat on the other side.
The biceps femoris forms part of the hamstring muscle group with some of the tissues feeding in to the IT band.
By foam rolling this muscle you can help to relieve tightness which may help to alleviate discomfort associated with IT band issues.
How To Foam Roll Your Hamstrings:
- Sit on the ground with your legs extended and place the foam roller underneath the back of your legs.
- Place both hands on the ground just behind you to help you balance.
- Raise your hips so that your glutes come away from the ground and then lift your feet off the floor.
- Most of your bodyweight should now be resting on the back of your legs.
- Gently roll backwards and forwards going from just under your glutes down to the middle of your upper leg.
- Continue with this movement for around 60 seconds.
Foam Rolling Tips and Precautions
When performing these foam roller exercises for your IT band, keep the following in mind:
If you’re new to foam rolling, start slowly and gradually increase the intensity and duration of your exercises.
Avoid Tender Spots
If you come across a tender spot, pause and hold the roller on that spot for a few seconds until the pain subsides.
Make sure to switch sides and perform the exercises on both sides.
Don’t Roll Directly On The IT Band
Foam rolling directly on the IT band itself isn’t that useful. Instead, the best way is to focus on the muscles surrounding the IT band.
Consistency is key when it comes to foam rolling. Aim to perform these exercises at least 2-3 times per week for best results.
Foam rolling is a good idea for those experiencing IT band issues.
It can help release scar tissue and trigger points, which are a common source of blame for IT band syndrome.
Remember to listen to your body and stop if you experience any pain or discomfort in the painful area.
With regular practice, foam rolling can help alleviate IT band pain and improve your overall mobility.